Institutional Peace to Counteract the Threats of Global Conflicts is Examined

In this present era where the safety of individual lives is constantly threatened by widespread conflicts, peace-building is demanded in order to develop a system that promotes the values, norms, and culture of peace for all countries, communities, and individuals. All of these criteria are based on the shared principles of coexistence and interdependence of the global community.

‘HWPL’s 6th Annual Commemoration of the Declaration of Peace and Cessation of War (DPCW)’ was held online on 14 March 2022 with about 4,000 participants in 134 countries. The theme of this event was titled, Institutionalizing Peace: Building a Legal Foundation for Sustainable Peace.

HWPL has endorsed the combined efforts of governments and civil society that lead to the institutionalization of peace in each society. The DPCW proclaimed in 2016 has provided a guide to citizen-led peace advocacy in line with international organizations including the UN, the African Union (AU), and the EU that have all stressed normative guidance as a standard for substantial conflict resolution with the participation of women and youth.

As for the need to “build a legal foundation for sustainable peace,” Dr. Kamal Hossain, the President of International Law Association (ILA) Bangladesh Branch said, “The precondition for achieving peace is securing peoplesโ€™ inalienable rights, which include equality before the law, equal protection of the law, non-discrimination, freedom to associate, freedom to assemble, and freedom to express.”

In addition, Ms. Anna Cervenakova, a member of HWPL International Law Peace Committee, mentioned “In the worldโ€™s ongoing crisis, governments question themselves, what kind of action would be the best action to take in order to overcome the emergency crisis. The need for human development, by overcoming the public health emergency, climate change, economic decline, and restrictions on human rights, brings us to the point of how these burdens are solved by the institutions of the governments. Much of the burden of the work is, therefore, on the side of the governments, so it is important to note what are the priorities in their institutional agenda.”

As one of the speakers, Rommel Santos Diaz of President of the Dominican Federalist Foundation said that government offices including the Senate, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and Attorney Generalโ€™s Office in the Dominican Republic have been working with NGOs for the purpose of the stateโ€™s decision-making for public policies on citizen security and human rights based on the DPCW.

Responding to prevalent threats from religious conflicts, Shafiek Nolan, Imam of Westridge Mosque expressed, “The DPCW emphasizes the importance of peace between religions and the cessation of religious conflict. The monthly scripture dialogue hosted by HWPL particularly aims to create a platform to break down misunderstandings of religious scripture and practices, mirroring the values expressed in the DPCW.”

Chairman Man Hee Lee of HWPL said that wars and conflicts continue to occur since โ€œwars can be triggered if it is allegedly necessary according to the current international law, which is why this cannot put an end to war.โ€ He highlighted that all members of the global village need to be united as one as โ€œmessengers of peaceโ€ to โ€œcertainly create a thing (international law for peace) that can bring about peace.โ€

The DPCW presents principles of peace to be promoted by the international society such as prohibiting the use of force, fostering religious freedom, and civic participation to spread a culture of peace. It highlights that sustainable peace can be achieved through all members of the global society by identifying not only nation-states, but also international organizations and all citizens as the main actors in building peace.

Meanwhile, on February 28, HWPL issued a statement on Russia’s invasion of Ukraine that includes refugee protection and global youth solidarity against war and is delivering it to 192 countries. For the full text of the DPCW or Statement Regarding Russia and Ukraine, you may visit: www.hwpl.kr